Understanding the reporting framework

The SoE framework is the underlying structure used across all themes to assess the environment. It builds on an internationally accepted framework for SoE reporting—the DPSIR (drivers-pressures-state-impact-response) framework but also includes discussions on resilience, emerging risks and environmental outlooks.

Pressures
What are the natural and human impacts on the environment?
Pressures

Pressures arising from natural and human causes. The legacy impacts of pressures that were more intensive in the past, such as water diversion and land clearing at large scales, are also examined...

State and trends
What condition is the environment in?
State and trends

Looks at the current state and the trend in the condition of the environment for each thematic report.

Effectiveness of management
How well is the environment being managed?
Effectiveness of management

How management responses linked to drivers, pressures and state contribute to the overall resilience of a system and affect the likelihood and consequences of environmental risks. 

Resilience
Can the environment recover?
Resilience

The capacity of the environment to retain or recover essentially the same structure and functions when it experiences shocks or disturbances. 

Risks
What impact are pressures having on the environment?
Risks

The key impacts of current and emerging pressures, how likely and severe those risks are when management intervention and resilience are taken into account.

Outlook
How's the future looking?
Outlook

The likely future state of the environment, long-term outlook and future challenges.