• 4WD

    four-wheel drive

  • AAD

    Australian Antarctic Division

  • AAT

    Australian Antarctic Territory

  • ADR

    Australian Design Rule

  • Australian Fisheries Management Authority

  • National Environment Protection Measure for Ambient Air Quality

  • ALA

    Atlas of Living Australia

  • ALA

    Atlas of Living Australia

  • AQI

    air quality index

  • AR5

    Fifth Assessment Report (IPCC)

  • Antarctic Specially Managed Area

  • Antarctic Specially Protected Area

  • Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Act 1984

  • Australian River Assessment System

  • Bd

    Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis

  • Collaborative Australian Protected Area Database

  • CBD

    central business district

  • Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources

  • CFC


  • CMR

    Commonwealth marine reserve

  • CO2

    carbon dioxide

  • CSG

    coal-seam gas

  • EAC

    East Australian Current

  • EEZ

    exclusive economic zone

  • El Niño–Southern Oscillation

  • Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999

  • ERF

    Emissions Reduction Fund

  • GDP

    gross domestic product

  • GHG

    greenhouse gas

  • GL


  • Global Ocean Observing System

  • GPS

    global positioning system

  • Gt


  • GVA

    gross value added

  • GWh

    gigawatt hour

  • HFC


  • Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia

  • intermittently closed and open lakes and lagoons

  • International Council on Monuments and Sites

  • integrated coastal zone management

  • industry gross value added

  • Integrated Marine and Coastal Regionalisation of Australia

  • IMO

    International Maritime Organization

  • Integrated Marine Observing System

  • IOD

    Indian Ocean Dipole

  • IPA

    Indigenous Protected Area

  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

  • industrial processes and product use

  • International Union for Conservation of Nature

  • IUU

    illegal, unreported and unregulated

  • kL


  • km2

    square kilometres

  • km2

    square kilometre

  • LNG

    liquefied natural gas

  • land use, land-use change and forestry

  • m2

    square metre

  • Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty

  • International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships

  • Metropolitan Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia

  • microgram per cubic metre

  • ML


  • mm


  • millimetres per year

  • MPA

    marine protected area

  • megatonne of carbon dioxide equivalent

  • National Clean Air Agreement

  • National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy

  • National Environment Protection Council

  • National Environment Protection Measure

  • National Energy Productivity Plan

  • National Groundwater Information System

  • NO

    nitric oxide

  • NO2

    nitrogen dioxide

  • National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority

  • NOx

    generic term for the nitrogen oxides (NO and NO2)

  • NPI

    National Pollutant Inventory

  • NRM

    natural resource management

  • National Representative System of Marine Protected Areas

  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

  • PFC


  • Pg


  • PM

    particulate matter

  • particulate matter less than 10 microns in size

  • particulate matter less than 2.5 microns in size

  • Pacific oyster mortality syndrome

  • POP

    persistent organic pollutant

  • ppb

    parts per billion

  • ppm

    parts per million

  • RCP

    representative concentration pathway

  • RET

    Renewable Energy Target

  • SAB

    special Antarctic blend

  • SAM

    Southern Annular Mode

  • South Eastern Australian Climate Initiative

  • SF6

    sulfur hexafluoride

  • SLO

    social licence to operate

  • SOC

    soil organic carbon

  • SoE

    State of the Environment

  • UVB

    ultraviolet B

  • VOC

    volatile organic compound

  • WHC

    World Heritage Convention