State and trends of the built environment

Component
Summary
Grade
Very poor Poor Good Very good
Confidence
In Grade In Trend
Comparability
To previous years

Livability in terms of urban amenity and housing is generally considered good for most people. Traffic congestion and commute times are a significant problem for many people living in major cities, and the natural environment is suffering from continued development at the urban fringe. Use of resources is high, but aspects of water and energy efficiency is improving, and waste recovery is increasing

Year(s): 
2016
2
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Traffic congestion creates significant problems, and there are concerns about the level of pollution and maintenance of major cities There are good ranges of recreational activities. The use of natural resources such as land, water and energy is high

Year(s): 
2011
2
Deteriorating
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Traffic congestion creates significant problems, and there are concerns about the level of pollution and maintenance of major cities There are good ranges of recreational activities. The use of natural resources such as land, water and energy is high

Year(s): 
2011
2
Deteriorating
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Generally have lower traffic densities and good urban amenities. Includes a broad range of cities, including the smaller capital cities. As for the larger cities, the use of natural resources such as water and energy is high, and there are increasing land-use pressures, especially along the coast, for some high-growth areas

Year(s): 
2016
2
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

These cities have lower traffic densities and are generally considered to be less polluted and better maintained. There are good ranges of recreational activities. The use of natural resources such as water and energy is high

Year(s): 
2011
3
Deteriorating
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Includes centres with a diversity of issues; however, on balance, overall liveability is considered good, but efficiency of resource use generally poor. Generally assessed to have a lower impact on the natural environment

Year(s): 
2016
3
Deteriorating
Confidence (in grade): 
Very limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Very limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Because a larger number of centres fall within this category, there is a diversity of issues and less rigorous evidence about these issues; however, there is a consensus that, on balance, the state of the built environment in these urban centres is good

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Continues to be good; they generally place less pressure on the natural environment. However, some centres in this category can have poor access to transport, and water quality issues have been experienced

Year(s): 
2016
3
Deteriorating
Confidence (in grade): 
Very limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Very limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

In spite of a lack of evidence and a diversity of issues, the consensus is that the state of the built environment in these places is good. Because of their small size, these places put less pressure on the natural environment; however, they lack scale in the use of water and energy, and waste management can be of concern

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed
Coleman S (2016). Built environment: State and trends of the built environment. In: Australia state of the environment 2016, Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra, https://soe.environment.gov.au/assessment-summary-101-state-and-trends-built-environment, DOI 10.4226/94/58b65a5037ed8