State and trends of listed or specially protected sites in Antarctica

Component
Summary
Grade
Very poor Poor Good Very good
Confidence
In Grade In Trend
Comparability
To previous years

Retreating glaciers open potentially new habitat for flora and fauna; visits to the island are infrequent, making monitoring difficult

Year(s): 
2011
3
Unclear
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Rodent and rabbit eradication program began in 2010 is ongoing; if successful, the island is largely expected to be able to restore itself

Year(s): 
2011
2
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Contains one of only three known emperor penguin colonies located on land. The population of penguins has been monitored annually since 1988 and some historical information is also available

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Six different seabird species are breeding on the islands A very small colony of southern giant petrels is one of only four known colonies in East Antarctica

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

These islands provide breeding habitat for several species of petrel and are examples of their habitat. Visits to the islands are infrequent and no regular census work is done

Year(s): 
2011
3
Unclear
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Scientific reference site for vegetation typical of the area. A number of flora studies were conducted in the 1980s. Changes to snow availability appear to put local vegetation under water stress

Year(s): 
2011
3
Deteriorating
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Designated to protect the largely undisturbed terrestrial ecosystem that includes associations of macrolichens and bryophytes. There is also a colony of Adélie penguins. Possibly similar issues with regard to water resources as ASPA 135, but so far there is insufficient evidence

Year(s): 
2011
3
Unclear
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

The area is representative of an important ice-free terrestrial ecosystem The area contains important sites for studying the palaeoecology and palaeoclimate

Year(s): 
2011
3
Unclear
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

A group of three small islands, all of which are occupied by a variety of seabirds, including small colonies of southern giant petrels Trends are difficult to estimate because of a lack of data; a significant change in the population size cannot be demonstrated

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

The greatest concentrations of breeding seabirds in East Antarctica are found here; bird numbers range from tens to hundreds of thousands Their remote location makes regular visits impossible

Year(s): 
2011
3
Unclear
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

The declaration of this area as an ASPA meant that all colonies of southern giant petrels in the Australian Antarctic Territory are now protected

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

The only large emperor penguin colony in Prydz Bay is located here In the past, few visits were made to this area and insufficient information is available to predict a trend

Year(s): 
2011
3
Unclear
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Two major peninsulas represent a significant part of the ice-free fraction of East Antarctica. Two permanently occupied non-Australian stations exist there and a third is under construction

Year(s): 
2011
3
Unclear
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed
Wienecke B (2011). Antarctic environment: State and trends of listed or specially protected sites in Antarctica. In: Australia state of the environment 2011, Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra, https://soe.environment.gov.au/assessment-summary-78-state-and-trends-listed-or-specially-protected-sites-antarctica, DOI 10.4226/94/58b65b2b307c0