Climate change - ocean acidification
Very high impact,High impact,Low impact,Very low impact

Ocean acidification will have widespread impacts across marine ecosystems. The state and trend is for open-ocean surface water only

Year(s): 
2016
2
Deteriorating
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Acidification is a significant risk in all regions, although only limited evidence of change to date

Year(s): 
2011
4
Deteriorating
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed
Evans K, Bax NJ, Smith DC (2016). Marine environment: Climate change - ocean acidification . In: Australia state of the environment 2016, Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra, https://soe.environment.gov.au/assessment-summary-component/marine-environment/climate-change-ocean-acidification, DOI 10.4226/94/58b657ea7c296