Fishing
Ineffective,Partially effective,Effective,Very effective

Outcomes: Fisheries management achieves limited environmental outcomes: all species that can be fished are held at population sizes significantly below pristine levels under current management systems. Trophic structures in the oceans are heavily impacted—ecosystem resilience to trophic impacts, cumulative impacts and potential time to recovery are uncertain

Year(s): 
2011
2
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed
Ward T (2011). Marine environment: Fishing. In: Australia state of the environment 2011, Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra, https://soe.environment.gov.au/assessment-summary-component/marine-environment/fishing-4, DOI 10.4226/94/58b657ea7c296