Mining and industry
Ineffective,Partially effective,Effective,Very effective

Outcomes: Modern industry and mining have limited local area impacts, except where the resource itself is mined, such as marine sands. However, cumulative impacts of infrastructure are significant, and risks (such as pollution) are increased by intensification, with demonstrated impacts on local habitats and species

Year(s): 
2011
2
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed
Ward T (2011). Marine environment: Mining and industry. In: Australia state of the environment 2011, Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra, https://soe.environment.gov.au/assessment-summary-component/marine-environment/mining-and-industry-4, DOI 10.4226/94/58b657ea7c296