Shipping
Component
Summary
Grade
Ineffective Partially effective Effective Very effective
Confidence
In Grade In Trend
Comparability
To previous years

Outcomes: Intensification of shipping remains a significant risk for pests, groundings and marine mammals

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed
Ward T (2011). Marine environment: Shipping. In: Australia state of the environment 2011, Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra, https://soe.environment.gov.au/assessment-summary-component/marine-environment/shipping-4, DOI 10.4226/94/58b657ea7c296