Effectiveness of Antarctic environmental management

Component
Summary
Grade
Ineffective Partially effective Effective Very effective
Confidence
In Grade In Trend
Comparability
To previous years

World heritage of subantarctic islands and protected areas under the Antarctic Treaty

This assessment summary component has changed from 2011. 

  • The title has been changed from 'World Heritage and protected areas' to 'World heritage for subantarctic islands and protected areas under the Antarctic Treaty' to better reflect the component being assessed.

The original 2011 summary, grade, trend and confidence levels have been replicated here to assist comparison of changes between reporting cycles.

Understanding: Nomination of Antarctic Specially Protected Areas (ASPAs) under the Antarctic Treaty, and World Heritage listing for the subantarctic Heard Islands and McDonald Islands, and Macquarie Island are based on their recognised natural and cultural values

Year(s): 
2016
4
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Understanding: The nomination of World Heritage and protected areas is based on their recognised natural and cultural values

Year(s): 
2011
4
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Planning: Management plans are in place and are reviewed regularly

Year(s): 
2016
4
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Planning: Management plans are in place and are reviewed regularly

Year(s): 
2011
4
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Inputs: Financial, human and information resources are available to implement the management plans

Year(s): 
2016
2
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Inputs: Financial, human and information resources are available to implement the management plans

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Processes: For Heard Island and McDonald Islands, there is stakeholder consultation, and all management plans are open to public consultation

Year(s): 
2016
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Processes: For Heard Island and McDonald Islands, there is stakeholder consultation and all management plans are open to public consultation

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Outputs and outcomes: Identified natural and cultural heritage values are being preserved

Year(s): 
2016
2
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Outputs and outcomes: Identified natural and cultural heritage values are being preserved

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Understanding: A good understanding of the impacts of human activities in our operational environment exists

Year(s): 
2016
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Understanding: There is a good understanding of the impacts of human activities in our operational environment

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Planning: The AAD’s environmental management policy provides an overarching policy framework for all activities in the AAT and the subantarctic islands. This policy is consistent with Australia’s obligations under the Antarctic Treaty

Year(s): 
2016
3
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Planning: AAD's environmental management policy provides an overarching policy framework for all activities in the Australian Antarctic Territory and subantarctic islands. This policy is consistent with Australia's obligations under the Antarctic Treaty

Year(s): 
2011
3
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Inputs: The AAD administers an environmental management system supported by a program of scientific research

Year(s): 
2016
3
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Inputs: AAD administers an environmental management system supported by a program of scientific research

Year(s): 
2011
3
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Processes: The environmental management system is certified to the internationally recognised standard (AS/NZS ISO 14001:2004). The AAD’s environmental policy was last reviewed in 2009

Year(s): 
2016
3
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Processes: The environmental management system is certified to the internationally recognised standard (AS/NZS ISO 14001:2004). The AAD's environmental policy was last reviewed in 2009

Year(s): 
2011
3
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Outputs and outcomes: Relevant management information collected through the environmental management system is used to guide management decisions

Year(s): 
2016
3
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Outputs and outcomes: Relevant management information collected through the environmental management system is used to guide management decisions

Year(s): 
2011
3
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Understanding: There are still a number of significant uncertainties about the impacts of climate change; however, scientific programs are in place to further our understanding of processes and future implications

Year(s): 
2016
2
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Topics

Understanding: There are a number of significant uncertainties about the impacts of climate change; however, scientific programs are in place to further our understanding of processes and future implications

Year(s): 
2011
2
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Topics

Planning: The forecast infrastructure plan takes into account energy efficiencies and carbon emissions

Year(s): 
2016
2
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Topics

Planning: The forecast infrastructure plan takes into account energy efficiencies and carbon emissions

Year(s): 
2011
2
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Topics

Inputs: Adaptive management is resourced within the current operational framework

Year(s): 
2016
2
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Topics

Inputs: Adaptive management is resourced within the current operational framework

Year(s): 
2011
2
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Topics

Processes: Scientific studies are examining potential effects of climate change

Year(s): 
2016
3
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Topics

Processes: Scientific studies are examining potential effects of climate change

Year(s): 
2011
3
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Topics

Outputs and outcomes: As scientific results become available, policies are formulated

Year(s): 
2016
3
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Topics

Outputs and outcomes: As scientific results become available, policies will be formulated

Year(s): 
2011
3
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Topics

Introduced and invasive species

This assessment summary component has changed from 2011. 

  • The title has been changed from 'Pests and invasive species management' to 'Introduced and invasive species'.

The original 2011 summary, grade, trend and confidence levels have been replicated here to assist comparison of changes between reporting cycles.

Understanding: There is a good understanding of threats and impacts of non-native species, on both the Antarctic continent and the subantarctic islands

Year(s): 
2016
3
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Understanding: There is a good understanding of threats and impacts of alien species, both on the Antarctic continent and subantarctic islands

Year(s): 
2011
4
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Planning: Policies are in place to minimise the risk and impact of non-native introductions

Year(s): 
2016
4
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Planning: Policies are in place to minimise the risk and impact of alien introductions

Year(s): 
2011
4
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Inputs: Human resources are allocated to implement policies to minimise the risk of non-native introductions

Year(s): 
2016
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Inputs: Human resources are allocated to implement policies that minimise the risk of alien introductions (participation in the Committee for Environmental Protection's Aliens in Antarctica science program, environmental officers on all stations, ships and at the AAD)

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Processes: Environmental training and information are provided to all personnel and the public

Year(s): 
2016
3
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Processes: Environmental training and information are provided to all personnel and to the public

Year(s): 
2011
4
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Outputs and outcomes: The legacy of non-native introductions into Antarctic and subantarctic environments (e.g. rabbits and rodents on Macquarie Island) has been mitigated through eradication efforts

Year(s): 
2016
4
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Outputs and outcomes: There is a legacy of alien introductions into Antarctic and subantarctic environments (e.g. rabbits and rodents on Macquarie Island); however, in recent years, programs have been effective in mitigating the risks

Year(s): 
2011
3
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

AAD = Australian Antarctic Division

Klekociuk A, Wienecke B (2016). Antarctic environment: Effectiveness of Antarctic environmental management. In: Australia state of the environment 2016, Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra, https://soe.environment.gov.au/assessment-summary/antarctic-environment/effectiveness-antarctic-environmental-management, DOI 10.4226/94/58b65b2b307c0