Effectiveness of coastal management

Ineffective,Partially effective,Effective,Very effective

Understanding

Limited scientific understanding of the impacts of multiple pressures, particularly their interactions.

Year(s): 
2016
2
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Somewhat adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Somewhat adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Planning

Cumulative impacts management has been used in some recent planning frameworks, but only in small proportion of managed areas.

Year(s): 
2016
2
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Somewhat adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Somewhat adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Inputs

Data on the direct effects of many pressures, and their interactions, is sparse in some areas.

Year(s): 
2016
2
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Somewhat adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Somewhat adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Processes

Seldom implemented due to knowledge gaps and lack of resources.

Year(s): 
2016
2
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Somewhat adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Somewhat adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Outputs and outcomes

Implemented in the Great Barrier Reef marine park zone management, though the reef remains in a poor state and is deteriorating.

Year(s): 
2016
2
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Somewhat adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Somewhat adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable
Clark GF, Johnston EL (2016). Coasts: Effectiveness of coastal management . In: Australia state of the environment 2016, Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra, https://soe.environment.gov.au/assessment-summary/coasts/effectiveness-coastal-management, DOI 10.4226/94/58b659bdc758b