State and trends of soil erosion by water and wind

Very poor,Poor,Good,Very good

Land management in the grazing and cropping lands is improving, although localised waterborne erosion continues

Year(s): 
2016
3
Unclear
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Land management in the grazing and cropping lands is improving, although localised erosion continues at unsustainable rates

Year(s): 
2011
3
Deteriorating
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Erosion continues to be a problem that threatens water quality and the Great Barrier Reef, although land management in the grazing and cropping lands is improving

Year(s): 
2016
2
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Land management in the grazing and cropping lands is improving, although erosion continues at unsustainable rates

Year(s): 
2011
2
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

In the North Coast region of New South Wales, 80% of soil monitoring units report sheet erosion as an issue; 20% also report gully erosion as a problem

Year(s): 
2016
2
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Somewhat adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Somewhat adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not comparable

Management of surface cover has improved in most areas, but erosion from less fertile grazing lands is significant

Year(s): 
2011
2
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Good, but 79% of soil monitoring units in the South East region of NSW report sheet erosion as an issue; 9% that gully erosion as a problem

Year(s): 
2016
3
Deteriorating
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Diverse lands experienced severe gully and sheet erosion after clearing. Increasing extent of wildfire is likely to increase erosion

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Widespread hillslope erosion in the west and south-west due to wildfire, and under intensive agriculture in the north

Year(s): 
2016
2
Unclear
Confidence (in grade): 
Low
Confidence (in trend): 
Low
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Unsustainable rates of erosion under intensive agriculture in the north, and widespread hillslope erosion in the west and south-west due to wildfire

Year(s): 
2011
2
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Largely undeveloped, but hillslope and gully erosion could increase with land clearing

Year(s): 
2016
3
Unclear
Confidence (in grade): 
Very limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Low
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Hillslope erosion primarily in the east and south associated with clearing and grazing

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

In the Central West region of New South Wales, 25% of soil monitoring units report sheet erosion as an issue; 4% report gully erosion as a problem; 4% report wind erosion as a problem

Year(s): 
2016
2
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Large and diverse province, with widespread wind erosion in the centre and west. Hillslope associated with grazing by stock and feral animals. Rate of erosion has slowed

Year(s): 
2011
2
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Extensive wind erosion but improving with increased surface cover

Year(s): 
2016
2
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Somewhat adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Somewhat adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Extensive wind erosion associated mainly with dunefields. Increased surface cover has slowed previously severe erosion

Year(s): 
2011
2
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Good, but vulnerable to severe erosion as a result of intensity of rainfall

Year(s): 
2016
3
Unclear
Confidence (in grade): 
Very limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Low
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Sheet and gully erosion in areas cleared for grazing or agriculture. Vulnerable to severe erosion due to intensity of rainfall and erodibility of the soils

Year(s): 
2011
3
Deteriorating
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Rates of sheet and gully erosion have slowed but remain unsustainable in areas with poor surface cover

Year(s): 
2016
2
Unclear
Confidence (in grade): 
Very limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Low
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Fast rates of sheet and gully erosion have slowed, but remain unsustainable in areas with poor surface cover

Year(s): 
2011
2
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Erosion rates have slowed, particularly in the south-east of the province

Year(s): 
2016
3
Unclear
Confidence (in grade): 
Very limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Low
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Erosion rates have slowed, particularly in the south-east of the province

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Good, but vulnerable to severe erosion as a results of intensity of rainfall

Year(s): 
2016
3
Unclear
Confidence (in grade): 
Very limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Low
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Sheet and gully erosion in areas cleared for grazing or agriculture. Vulnerable to severe erosion due to intensity of rainfall and erodibility of soils

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Subject to wind erosion, with gully and sheet erosion in areas grazed by stock and feral animals

Year(s): 
2016
2
Unclear
Confidence (in grade): 
Very limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Low
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Extensive wind erosion, with gully and sheet erosion in areas subject to grazing by stock and feral animals

Year(s): 
2011
2
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Probable wind and waterborne erosion in areas subject to grazing by stock and feral animals

Year(s): 
2016
3
Unclear
Confidence (in grade): 
Very limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Low
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Gully and sheet erosion in areas subject to grazing by stock and feral animals

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Vulnerable to severe wind and waterborne erosion due to cyclones, and grazing by stock and feral animals

Year(s): 
2016
2
Unclear
Confidence (in grade): 
Very limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Low
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Gully and sheet erosion in areas subject to grazing by stock and feral animals

Year(s): 
2011
2
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Vulnerable to moderate erosion due to weather activity, low ground cover and erodible soils

Year(s): 
2016
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Somewhat adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Somewhat adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Gully and sheet erosion in areas subject to grazing by stock and feral animals

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Vulnerable to wind erosion due to low ground cover and erodible soils

Year(s): 
2016
2
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Somewhat adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Somewhat adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Extensive wind erosion, particularly in the north

Year(s): 
2011
2
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Good ground cover reduces erosion hazard

Year(s): 
2016
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Somewhat adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Somewhat adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Somewhat comparable

Erosion rates are relatively stable, unless there is a loss of surface cover due to grazing or fire

Year(s): 
2011
3
Stable
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Limited
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed

Diverse land uses, with a history of unsustainable rates of wind and water erosion, but improving under sustainable land management practices such as no-till agriculture

Year(s): 
2016
2
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Adequate
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Comparable

Diverse lands with a history of unsustainable rates of wind and water erosion. Land management practices are improving

Year(s): 
2011
2
Improving
Confidence (in grade): 
Limited
Confidence (in trend): 
Adequate
Comparability (to previous reports): 
Not assessed
Metcalfe D, Bui E (2016). Land: State and trends of soil erosion by water and wind. In: Australia state of the environment 2016, Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra, https://soe.environment.gov.au/assessment-summary/land/state-and-trends-soil-erosion-water-and-wind, DOI 10.4226/94/58b6585f94911