AFMA

Australian Fisheries Management Authority

CMR

Commonwealth marine reserve

CO2

carbon dioxide

EAC

East Australian Current

EEZ

exclusive economic zone

ENSO

El Niño–Southern Oscillation

EPBC Act

Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999

GOOS

Global Ocean Observing System

IMCRA 4.0

Integrated Marine and Coastal Regionalisation of Australia

IMO

International Maritime Organization

IMOS

Integrated Marine Observing System

IOD

Indian Ocean Dipole

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IUCN

International Union for Conservation of Nature

MARPOL

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships

NOPSEMA

National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority

NRSMPA

National Representative System of Marine Protected Areas

SAM

Southern Annular Mode

SLO

social licence to operate

SoE

state of the environment