State and trends
Ecological processes and species populations South East CoastSouth West CoastNorth Western PlateauMurray DarlingNorth East CoastSouth Western PlateauTasmaniaTimor SeaLake Eyre...
Effectiveness of management
Management statusNew technologies, solutions and innovationsAssessing the effectiveness of biodiversity managementManagement initiatives and investmentsManagement capacityManagement...
Pressures facing aquatic ecosystemsChanged hydrologyAltered fire regimesPest species and pathogensPressures from livestock productionUrban developmentPollutionGlobal climate change and climate...
Resilience is a key underpinning principle of biodiversity strategies at all levels of government. However, the definition of resilience in most strategies and policies is still relatively...
At a glanceA challenge in assessing resilience of inland water environments is recognising resilience when it occurs, especially because Australian ecosystems have developed to be both resistant and resilient.
We can contribute to resilience by reducing extreme and detrimental ecosystem...
At a glanceRisks to inland water environments include direct risks (such as direct water extraction, or changes in run-off and recharge) and indirect risks (such as expansion of invasive species because of increased tourism).
Climate changes may produce both types of risks. Updated climate...
At a glanceClimate and pests remain the largest pressures on our inland water environments. Climate variability and climate change, and associated changes in rainfall regimes, are the primary risks to inland water environments in both the short and long term. Efforts will need to continue to...
The capricious nature of our nation’s water resources was evident during 2011–16, with:
record rainfall and record dryness at local, regional and state scales
extended and extensive flooding
national water storage levels varying from above 80 per cent to below 50 per cent
Three factors contribute to the risk posed by increasing water abstraction and interception:
the demands of a growing population
increases in per-person water consumption for this population...
Australian Capital Territory
This report identifies the key pressures affecting biodiversity, using a similar approach to the 'Biodiversity' chapter in the 2011 state of the...
At a glanceThe pressures affecting biodiversity remain largely consistent with those identified in the 1996, 2001, 2006 and 2011 state of the environment reports.
The most significant current pressures are clearing, fragmentation and declining quality of habitat; invasive species; climate...
At a glanceResilience is a key underpinning principle of Australia’s Biodiversity Conservation Strategy 2010–2030, as well as state and territory, and regional biodiversity strategies. The definition of resilience in biodiversity strategies and policies is still relatively ambiguous, and...
At a glanceIt seems unlikely, given the current overall poor status and deteriorating trends in biodiversity and the high impact of increasing pressures, that overall biodiversity outcomes will improve in the short or medium term. Our current investments in biodiversity management are not...
Atlas of Living Australia
Australian River Assessment System
Collaborative Australian Protected Area Database
Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999
No consistent national-level data are available on the impact of pressures on all aspects of biodiversity in the past 5 years. The Australian Government released a Threatened Species...
A growing population puts increasing pressure on biodiversity when residential areas encroach on natural systems. The Built environment report describes Australia's urban footprint, and the...
Few of the pressures documented in this section occur in isolation. Rather, pressures interact in complex ways, often compounding the threat to biodiversity. For example, land clearing...
Australia State of the Environment 2016 has been prepared by independent experts using the best available information to support assessments of environmental condition, pressures, management effectiveness, resilience, risks and outlook.
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We, the authors, acknowledge the traditional owners of Country throughout Australia and their continuing connection to land, sea and community; we pay respect to them and their cultures and to their elders both past and present.