In this report, we describe pressures facing biodiversity in general. However, pressures facing aquatic ecosystems are described in detail in the Coasts (coastal and estuarine ecosystems),...
At a glanceAustralia’s marine environment is experiencing pressures from a wide range of sources that affect its habitats, communities, species and ecosystem functioning to varying degrees. With many pressures affecting the marine environment and its inhabitants at any one time, it can be...
Drivers influencing the Australian environment are covered in detail in the Drivers report, and readers are encouraged to refer to that report. We briefly summarise the drivers...
At a glanceAustralia’s heritage continues to be under-resourced, and at risk from both natural and human factors.
Some risks, such as catastrophic fire or extreme weather events, may not be easily mitigated, and instead may require post-event response. Events such as the removal of statutory...
At a glanceAustralia's oceans and coastal marine ecosystems are overall in good condition and have experienced only gradual decline, although there are many coastal areas where conditions are already poor or very poor. Indeed, some of the world’s worst examples of impacts from pollution can...
Management of marine systems to support and build resilience has been considered to require four key attributes:98
Embracing uncertainty and change: management systems need to accept...
Australia State of the Environment 2016 has been prepared by independent experts using the best available information to support assessments of environmental condition, pressures, management effectiveness, resilience, risks and outlook.
This site is a major undertaking to improve the usability of SoE information. We are grateful for the support of users in our ongoing efforts to improve SoE reporting. Please report problems with the site via our feedback page.
We, the authors, acknowledge the traditional owners of Country throughout Australia and their continuing connection to land, sea and community; we pay respect to them and their cultures and to their elders both past and present.