At a glanceGreenhouse gases (GHGs)—carbon dioxide (CO2), methane, short-lived tropospheric and stratospheric ozone, nitrous oxide and synthetic GHGs—together with water vapour, and natural and industrial aerosols, influence Earth’s energy balance. Human activity, primarily the burning of...
At a glanceAn understanding of the risks associated with Australia’s climate will lead to improved action plans to adapt to the changes predicted to occur. Our climate is a dynamic system; therefore, the risks need to be re-evaluated frequently.
Recent climate change projections for...
The growing concentrations of human-generated GHGs have resulted in an increased absorption, largely in the lower atmosphere, of the heat radiated from Earth’s surface, causing an increase in the...
Bushfires (wildfires) are uncontrolled fire in the landscape. These particularly affect natural or seminatural vegetation, and have significant positive and negative effects on landscape and...
Land clearing represents a fundamental pressure on the land environment, causing the loss and fragmentation of native vegetation. Depending on subsequent management, land clearing can also lead to a...
This assessment summary has changed it's name since 2011
State and trends of species populations and groups
State and trends
State and trends of marine biodiversity: Species Groups...
4 Inland water
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Environment Directorate. OECD key environmental indicators. Paris: OECD, 2008, viewed 28 July 2011, www.oecd.org/dataoecd/20/40/37551205.pdf.
Montreal Process Implementation Group. Australia’s state of the forests: five yearly report 2008. Prepared by the Montreal Process Implementation Group for Australia on behalf of the Australian, state and territory...
Australia State of the Environment 2016 has been prepared by independent experts using the best available information to support assessments of environmental condition, pressures, management effectiveness, resilience, risks and outlook.
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We, the authors, acknowledge the traditional owners of Country throughout Australia and their continuing connection to land, sea and community; we pay respect to them and their cultures and to their elders both past and present.