Australia has always been a land of extremes. In a single year, we can experience heatwaves, floods, fires, cyclones and drought.
Australia’s highly variable climate is influenced year to year by large-scale drivers in the atmosphere and ocean, such as the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO...
At a glanceAn understanding of the risks associated with Australia’s climate will lead to improved action plans to adapt to the changes predicted to occur. Our climate is a dynamic system; therefore, the risks need to be re-evaluated frequently.
Recent climate change projections for...
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Source: CSIRO, updated based on White et al. (2014)
Figure COA6 Sea level trends from satellite altimeters (colour contours) and tide gauges (coloured dots), January 1993 to December 2010.
State and trends
Australia’s climate has warmed since national temperature records began in 1910, with mean surface air temperature showing around a 1 °C warming since then (Figure ATM18).
... average waters westwards. El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events influence large-scale variability in atmospheric ... Because 2012–14 was not significantly influenced by the ENSO, more localised (high-latitude) processes tended to ...
Australian Fisheries Management Authority
Commonwealth marine reserve
East Australian Current
exclusive economic zone
El Niño–Southern Oscillation
Environmental Protection and Biodiversity...
Australia State of the Environment 2016 has been prepared by independent experts using the best available information to support assessments of environmental condition, pressures, management effectiveness, resilience, risks and outlook.
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We, the authors, acknowledge the traditional owners of Country throughout Australia and their continuing connection to land, sea and community; we pay respect to them and their cultures and to their elders both past and present.