Nationally, there are currently 1257 floral and 425 faunal species listed as threatened under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, many of which occur on the coast. Several protected species are now stable or improving, demonstrating the benefits of good...
At a glanceThe area of land managed for conservation has continued to expand, in both private and public sectors. This is partly due to a decrease in the area of native forest managed for production of timber and wood products. The area formally owned and managed by Indigenous Australians...
This report provides an account of the most significant and recent human impacts on our land.
It highlights improvements in land management over some parts of Australia, as well as several...
Climate change is an increasingly important and pervasive pressure on all aspects of the Australian environment. Although our climate and its high natural variability from year to year have always been a major influence on the state...
Bushfires (wildfires) are uncontrolled fire in the landscape. These particularly affect natural or seminatural vegetation, and have significant positive and negative effects on landscape and...
At a glanceAlthough a changing climate has shaped the Australian landscape and its vegetation, the current rate of climate change is likely to result in changes in the distribution and composition of vegetation communities. Some communities are likely to disappear, and others will be...
It is clear from SoE 2016 that some parts of Australia’s environment are not yet being managed sustainably.
Although some uncertainties exist, assuming current trends continue and policies or management arrangements are not changed...
The ability of ecosystems to tolerate and recover from disturbance is a phenomenon that is vitally important to understand. Resilience has stimulated much valuable research that has...
At a glanceIt seems unlikely, given the current overall poor status and deteriorating trends in biodiversity and the high impact of increasing pressures, that overall biodiversity outcomes will improve in the short or medium term. Our current investments in biodiversity management are not...
At a glanceThe outlook for Australia’s land environment is shaped by the legacy of our former activities, the current and future pressures on the land environment, and how we respond to these pressures.
The many consequences of climate change provide the greatest challenges. The challenges...
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Note: Numbers on the map correspond to the regions listed in assessment summary: State and trends of soil carbon
Figure LAN17 Rating and condition for soil organic carbon
Land clearing represents a fundamental pressure on the land environment, causing the loss and fragmentation of native vegetation. Depending on subsequent management, land clearing can also lead to a...
Australia State of the Environment 2016 has been prepared by independent experts using the best available information to support assessments of environmental condition, pressures, management effectiveness, resilience, risks and outlook.
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We, the authors, acknowledge the traditional owners of Country throughout Australia and their continuing connection to land, sea and community; we pay respect to them and their cultures and to their elders both past and present.