The ability of the climate system to recover from changes to the composition of the atmosphere (particularly increasing CO2 concentrations) is complicated by the fact that the removal of CO2...
State and trends
What has changed since 2011?
Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions per person decreased from 24.1 tonnes in 2011 (DCCEE 2012) to 22.2 tonnes in 2015 (DoE 2016a), although they...
At a glanceAs for other regions, distant human activities can contribute to the key risks to the Antarctic environment, including global population, economic pressures and the effects of climate change. Management can mitigate many of the population and economic impacts, and climate change...
At a glanceCurrently, the Antarctic environment is still in a comparatively good condition. However, the pressures on the continent and the surrounding ocean will increase. For example, the extraction of marine resources is not only going to continue but will intensify in the future. Most...
A growing population puts increasing pressure on biodiversity when residential areas encroach on natural systems. The Built environment report describes Australia's urban footprint, and the...
This assessment summary has changed it's name since 2011
State and trends of species populations and groups
State and trends
State and trends of marine biodiversity: Species Groups...
To date, the apparent resilience of the atmospheric–oceanic system has been a major factor limiting the rate and extent of change in climate (largely due to the capacity of the oceans to absorb...
Figure 4.7 Compliance with the Australian water quality guidelines for fresh and marine waters25 and the Queensland water quality guidelines26 for pH (acidity), 2000–10
This map includes only sites with 30 or more samples collected...
At a glanceAustralia has large areas of ancient and weathered soils. Their resilience to change is lower than the younger landscapes of parts of Europe and North America.
Soils are prone to serious degradation when they have insufficient resilience and when particular thresholds are exceeded...
At a glanceAt the moment, Antarctica is still in a comparatively good condition. However, the pressures on the continent and the surrounding ocean are going to increase. For example, the extraction of marine resources will not only continue but will intensify in future. Most importantly,...
Australia State of the Environment 2016 has been prepared by independent experts using the best available information to support assessments of environmental condition, pressures, management effectiveness, resilience, risks and outlook.
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We, the authors, acknowledge the traditional owners of Country throughout Australia and their continuing connection to land, sea and community; we pay respect to them and their cultures and to their elders both past and present.