Dissolved carbon dioxide acidifies the ocean and reduces the availability of carbonate ions that shell-making organisms require for calcification, reducing the ability of these organisms to form shells. This may affect their reproductive capabilities and recruitment. Changes in the...
At a glanceA challenge in assessing resilience of inland water environments is recognising resilience when it occurs, especially because Australian ecosystems have developed to be both resistant and resilient.
We can contribute to resilience by reducing extreme and detrimental ecosystem...
At a glanceDespite concerted efforts to manage pressures on the coast, there remains residual risk that impacts will still occur. Here we categorise each of the pressures identified in this report in terms of their likelihood to cause impact and the severity of that impact, once current...
Effectiveness of management
We have significant and expanding knowledge of the relationships between water management actions and ecological condition that are essential for effective management. Much...
This assessment summary has changed it's name since 2011
State and trends of species populations and groups
State and trends
State and trends of marine biodiversity: Species Groups...
Australia State of the Environment 2016 has been prepared by independent experts using the best available information to support assessments of environmental condition, pressures, management effectiveness, resilience, risks and outlook.
This site is a major undertaking to improve the usability of SoE information. We are grateful for the support of users in our ongoing efforts to improve SoE reporting. Please report problems with the site via our feedback page.
We, the authors, acknowledge the traditional owners of Country throughout Australia and their continuing connection to land, sea and community; we pay respect to them and their cultures and to their elders both past and present.