Although during the past few decades significant effort has been made to understand the effectiveness of biodiversity management actions, a major issue that complicates assessment is the highly variable climatic and hydrological conditions in Australia. Not only are there real-world cost implications for understanding the value of management actions, there is also a need to plan for climate change adaptation and mitigation.
During the past 5 years, the Australian Government has invested in a NRM Monitoring, Evaluation, Reporting and Improvement Framework (MERI Framework) for monitoring, evaluating, reporting on and improving Australia’s approach to managing its investment in NRM. Understanding how investments improve our NRM and biodiversity conservation will help maximise learning on where to invest to address the NRM and biodiversity conservation challenges, and will help build resilience.
Regionally, the (which came into effect in November 2012 and will be implemented in full in 2019) has established a Basin-wide environmental watering strategy. This commits the Australian, and state and territory governments to establishing mechanisms to assess the effectiveness of their management of water for aquatic ecosystems.