In this report, we assess the state of Australia’s built environment by presenting an assessment of various aspects of the built environment, including land use, housing, transport, air and water quality, and the natural environment within urban areas.
The 2016 state of the environment (SoE) report follows the structure of the 2011 report. Where relevant and possible, the 2011 data have been updated; however, SoE 2016 has significantly expanded the content and data sources, and included timeseries, where appropriate, for context. New, previously unpublished information has been commissioned and presented to take advantage of the digital focus of SoE 2016.
Assessment summaries (see the How is the report written section) for pressures affecting the built environment, the state and trends of the built environment, effectiveness of the built environment, and current and emerging risks to the built environment were compiled through expert consultation. The experts were from the fields of urban amenity, housing, transport, air, water, the natural environment, biodiversity, health, land use and climate change. The final grading given to each assessment was determined after considering responses from all experts in light of supporting information, and in conjunction with other data sources, where available.