At a glance
Significant parts of Australia's built environment have aspects that are considered poor. The Australian built environment consumes significant natural resources, including land, water and energy, and there is substantial waste generation.
In the largest cities, traffic congestion is of concern. There are also concerns about whether these cities are clean, well maintained and unpolluted. The attractiveness of Australian cities is considered to be only fair.
In the smaller capital cities and other urban centres with populations of more than 100 000, traffic concerns are far less significant, and the quality of the natural environment is higher. For smaller settlements, waste management is a concern.
This section assesses the built environment according to two main components: livability and urban environmental efficiency.