Kyoto Protocol targets


As a signatory to the Kyoto Protocol, ratified in 2007, Australia committed to limiting increases in net GHG emissions to 108 per cent of its 1990 levels from 2008 to 2012. The National inventory report 2012 (DoE 2014a) demonstrates that Australia surpassed the Kyoto target, with emissions averaging 565 MtCO2-e per year (2008–12), or 103 per cent of the 1990 base level (Figure ATM9).

Australia has now committed to reducing its GHG emissions to 99.5 per cent of 1990 levels for the Kyoto Protocol’s second commitment period (2013–20). This is consistent with Australia’s 2020 target to reduce emissions by 5 per cent below 2000 levels by 2020. In December 2015, the Prime Minister announced that Australia will ratify the second commitment period.

Keywood MD, Emmerson KM, Hibberd MF (2016). Climate: Kyoto Protocol targets. In: Australia state of the environment 2016, Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra,, DOI 10.4226/94/58b65c70bc372