Assessing the management context component of management effectiveness considers the availability of information to understand and address environmental issues (understanding) and the adequacy of plans and policies (planning).
Legislative arrangements for the management of public lands are relatively stable, notwithstanding periodic changes in institutional arrangements, such as changes to the names, roles and structures of government agencies with land management responsibilities.
Australia's formal environment protection system is broadly charged with the responsibility to deliver protection of the environment while providing for the ongoing development of the wealth and wellbeing of our human communities.
The health of marine ecosystems has been assessed by examining the status and trends of the major physical and chemical processes that maintain the quality of the biodiversity and habitats in each region.
Overall, biodiversity in Australia’s marine regions is in good condition. However, biodiversity is very poor in some coastal places and areas on the continental shelf and upper slope, as a result of human activities.
Assessing heritage management outcomes requires informed evaluation of the way in which current pressures and emerging risks to heritage values are being reduced and the resilience of heritage is being improved to retain values.
The adequacy of planning for heritage management can be assessed by considering the policies and plans in place that result in management actions to address major pressures and risks to heritage values.
Species diversity is a key component of biodiversity. In this subsection, we review what general conclusions can be drawn about the state and trends of specific groups of animal and plant species at national and subnational scales
Australia State of the Environment 2016 has been prepared by independent experts using the best available information to support assessments of environmental condition, pressures, management effectiveness, resilience, risks and outlook.
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We, the authors, acknowledge the traditional owners of Country throughout Australia and their continuing connection to land, sea and community; we pay respect to them and their cultures and to their elders both past and present.