Heritage management processes are assessed by considering the governance systems in place that provide appropriate statutory responses, and adaptive management practices based on effective monitoring systems and adequate resources.
In 2009, the House of Representatives Standing Committee on Climate Change, Water, Environment and the Arts handed down its report to the Australian Government: Managing our coastal zone in a changing climate: the time to act is now.
Many small island states, including Australia’s external territories and nations with which Australia interacts in relation to environmental issues in the region, are highly sensitive to sea level rise resulting from climate change and have limited scope for adaptation (i.e. t
To date, the apparent resilience of the atmospheric–oceanic system has been a major factor limiting the rate and extent of change in climate (largely due to the capacity of the oceans to absorb carbon dioxide and heat).
Although the changing physical resilience of the atmospheric–oceanic system is a critically important focus of concern, so too is the resilience of different human and animal populations to the changes in climate that are already occurring and will continue for the foreseeable future.
Investment in management of the land environment includes financial and in-kind commitments by all levels of government, private landowners and businesses, nongovernment organisations, Indigenous Australians and communities.
The shipping industry, with its associated substantial infrastructure (ports, harbours, shipping lanes, coastal support), is the major transportation link between Australia and other nations, and provides important linkages between regional Australia and the cities.
Our soils, landforms and vegetation have co-evolved over millions of years. Their health and condition are inextricably linked. Soil health has a strong influence on the growth and condition of all types of vegetation.
Global production of ODSs continues to decline (Figure 3.30). However, due to the long atmospheric lifetimes of a number of important ODSs, they will continue to impact levels of stratospheric ozone for many decades.
Although a long distance away from Australia and the rest of the world, Antarctica is under the influence of human activities just like any other continent. Australia operates four permanently occupied Antarctic bases (three on the continent and one at subantarctic Macquarie Island).
Biodiversity in Australia has declined since European settlement. This decline is seen in all components of biodiversity—genes, species, communities and ecosystems—and the evidence from pressures suggests that many components of biodiversity continue to decline.
Australia State of the Environment 2016 has been prepared by independent experts using the best available information to support assessments of environmental condition, pressures, management effectiveness, resilience, risks and outlook.
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We, the authors, acknowledge the traditional owners of Country throughout Australia and their continuing connection to land, sea and community; we pay respect to them and their cultures and to their elders both past and present.